The report published this morning reports that 470,000 people currently die each year, however it states that not all of these people will need palliative care.
The review estimates that the total palliative care needs of the population in England is around 355,000 people (with a maximum of 457,000) requiring care every year. The numbers who currently receive specialist palliative care is around 171,000. They estimate that around 92,000 people per year have unmet palliative needs, but this could be as many as 299,000.
The report recommends that the NHS should fully fund:
- A regular assessment of the needs of a patient
- All the clinically assessed palliative care needs of a patient irrespective of setting, as in any other branch of clinical care
- A coordinator for the patient who will guide them through their journey, signposting patients and families to the full range of services including those provided by society and not funded by the state
- At the end of life, as an addition to the tariff, the social care needs of a patient after they are added to an end of life locality register (removing the need for social care means assessment for patients on an end of life locality register)
- Palliative care education and training for NHS professionals.
- Episodes of care which are not assessed as a clinical need
- Support for families and carers
- Bereavement care (except for a prebereavement assessment), spiritual care, complementary therapies, support for carers and families, information and advice, respite care for adults, play therapy, and other similar interventions.
A survey by the Department of Health estimated that PCTs spent £460m on adult palliative and end of life care in 2010/11, with one PCT spending £0.2m on specialist palliative care alone, and another £21m. This means that one PCT spent approximately £186 per death on specialist palliative care, while another spent £6,213. A total of, 61% of all PCTs spend less than £1,000 per death in their PCT. However the majority of funding comes from voluntary donations through fundraising. By increasing the provision of services outside the hospital could lead to a potential reduction in hospital costs of £180m per annum.
Costs will be relative to a 4 stage classification system, based on the system in Australia
This system could then be further combined with a system to capture the other drivers (provider type, problem severity, functional status and age), the system would need to be split between adults and children.
Key classification criteria proposed:
- Phase of illness
- Provider type
- Problem severity
- Functional status
- Phase of illness
- Problem severity
Providers will be paid on an activity basis, the level of payment will be based on the complexity and resources needed. with episode payments for each phase of illness.
The review recommends that once a patient reaches the end of life stage, and are put on the end of life locality register, all health and social care should be funded by the state and free at the point of delivery; but the social care additional tariff would not not include accommodation costs. The report acknowledges further work on this is undertaken and pilots established to test the model.
- Commissioning levels for palliative care services per population for adults and children should be set at a minimum population level of 300,000, and up to £1.5m
- Implementation of a per-patient funding model based on the presented classification system
- The development of a statement by the Government describing the palliative care support and services that patients, families and carers can receive, if they need them, from the NHS.
- A lead provider for palliative care is identified in every Clinical Commissioning Group, to coordinate all palliative care services, including those not funded by the NHS.
- Every Clinical Commissioning Group (or at commissioning network level) should be required to hold an end of life locality register
- Focus on 24/7 community care
- Drugs and pharmacy services still fully funded by NHS
- A leadership board be put in place, with representatives from across both the adult and children’s palliative care sector working in partnership with Government to manage and drive forward the transition to the new system.
- A new national data set will need to be developed, with nationally agreed methods to report, collate and analyse palliative care provision.
Ensuring availability of palliative care in hospital and community settings, and supporting early referral to palliative care, could therefore potentially lead to significant cost savings for the NHS on hospital costs in the last year of life.
- The current minimum data set is expanded to support the tariff and its collation made mandatory for all organisations providing NHS dedicated palliative care services.
- Outcomes measures are developed which are supported by the dataset and the NHS outcomes framework.
- Transition phase to the new system supported by national funding
From April 2012 build up community services
April 2012 - March 2014 - Undertake two-year pilots and collection of reliable and consistent data
April 2014 - March 2016 Shadowing of currencies and tariffs
April 2016 full implementation